The Difference Between the Knitted Fabric and Woven Fabric
2015-10-21 09:16 | writer: admin
Knitted fabric and woven fabric as the weaving method is different, resulting in the processing process, fabric structure, fabric characteristics, product applications and other aspects of each are not identical, are compared in this.
(1) constitute the fabric organization:
(a) by order of the yarns knitted fabric is bent into a coil by coil string, and the formation of the fabric, the process of forming yarns can be horizontal or vertical, horizontal weaving called weft knitted fabric, while the longitudinal braid called warp knitted fabric.
(b) woven fabric is made of two or more than two groups of mutually vertical yarn, with an angle of 90 degrees latitude for woven into a fabric, lengthwise yarns are called warp, weft yarns are called transverse.
(2) the basic unit of fabric weave:
(a) knitted fabric: coil is the minimum unit of knitting fabric, and the coil by the circle of dry and extension line is a curve in space composition.
(b) woven fabrics: the warp and weft yarns between each intersection point called the point, is the minimum unit of woven fabric.
(3) organizational characteristics of fabric:
(a) knitted fabric: because the coil is formed by bending the yarn in the space, and each coil is composed of a yarn knitted fabric, when from foreign tension, such as the longitudinal tensile, coil bending changes, and the coil height also increased, at the same time, coil width is reduced, such as tension is transverse tensile. The situation is the opposite, coil height and width in different tension condition, obviously can be converted to each other, thus extending the large knitted fabric.
(b) woven fabrics: because some bending of warp and weft interwoven place, and put the bend in the perpendicular to the plane of the fabric direction, mutual tension between the bending degree and the weft yarn, and the yarn stiffness, when woven by external tension, such as the longitudinal tensile, warp tension increases. Bending is reduced, and the weft bending increases as the longitudinal tensile stop, until the warp fully extended so far, and the fabric is transverse shrinkage. When woven by external tension on the transverse tensile and bend weft tension increases, decreases, and the warp yarn bending increases, such as the transverse tensile stop, until the weft fully extended so far, and a longitudinal shrinkage of fabric. But after, weft no conversions, unlike the knitted fabric.
(4) characteristics of fabric weave:
(a) knitted fabric: can extend in all directions with good elasticity, for knitted fabric is formed by the hole shaped coil, breathable performance and more, feel soft.
(b) fabrics woven fabrics: because the weft, extension and contraction is not big, also do not change, so the fabric is generally more compact, very hard.
(5) physical mechanical weave:
(a) knitted fabric: the physical and mechanical properties of fabrics, including length, horizontal dense, square Mick weight, extensibility, flexibility, tensile strength and wear resistance, edge, thickness, raveling, shrinkage, coverage, bulk density.
(b) woven fabrics: physical and mechanical properties of woven fabric, warp and weft yarns including density, edge, positive and negative, reverse the direction of hair, fabric cover.