Common Processing Methods of Functional Fabrics
2016-03-11 08:33 | writer: admin
1, Flame Retardant Textiles
A method of fabric flame retardant performance is obtained by the flame retardant monomer and polymer or adding flame retardants in polymers, the miscible blend fiber processing is made, then woven flame retardant fabrics; the other method is the method of flame retardant by spraying, padding or coating for the processing of fabric matter, when meeting the fire retardant can produce physical and chemical reaction, so as to achieve the effect of flame retardant.
2, Antistatic Fabric
Anti static method of fabric mainly weave conductive fibre and the fabric surface finishing method. By embedding conductive fibers woven method (a total of weaving and metal wire) can enhance the fabric antistatic property, and lasting effect, but also can improve the fabric hygroscopicity and antifouling; antistatic fabric finishing method of synthetic fiber fabric antistatic resin finishing, the antistatic agent covered in fabric the surface, increasing the conductive properties of the fiber by moisture absorption.
3, Waterproof and Moisture Permeable Fabric
Development of waterproof and moisture permeable fabrics mainly high density weaving, fabric coating and microporous film laminating 3 methods, among them with PTFE waterproof and moisture permeable laminated composite processing is the most typical. Because PTFE microporous membrane with contact angle and micropore radius, so there is a certain pressure resistance and moisture permeability, using laminated biaxial stretching PTFE micro porous film production of fabric with waterproof, windproof and breathable function.
4, Antibacterial and Deodorant Fabric
Antimicrobial health protection fabric can adopt the blended spinning method and finishing method for production. Blended spinning method in polymerization, polymerization stage or spinning nozzle end before and spinning solution will antibacterial agent adding method in fiber; after finishing law is the antibacterial agent of thermosetting in the fiber, so as to achieve the purpose of antibacterial deodorant.
In addition, in the dyeing and finishing can be used on shrink proof, mothproof pretreatment, application of various functional dyes such as light color, far infrared absorption dye, using the new technology of dyeing and finishing including biological enzyme technology, the low temperature plasma technology, micro capsule technology development of functional textiles. Such as the use of a neutral or alkaline protease on wool fabrics in wet processing of shrinkproof processing process, the moth proofing agent and washing, boiling, shrinking etc wool fabric wet processing at the same time, reach mothproof shrinkproof effect; villous or impurities, biological enzyme can remove the fiber or fabric that fiber reduction the look and feel, to improve the fabric; low temperature plasma technology can improve the wool shrink proof properties and hydrophilicity of polyester and antistatic property; micro capsule technology is mainly used for printing, anti wrinkle and shrink proof, antistatic, flame retardant water-proof and oil proof and other various finishing.