Processing and Finishing Methods for Functional Textiles Fabric
2016-06-24 08:17 | writer: admin
1, Flame Retardant Textiles Fabric
By polymerizing the retardant monomer and copolymer or adding the flame retardants into the fibers and forming the blend fiber, then woven into flame retardant fabric; Another way is to add the flame retardants into the fabric by spraying/padding or coating method, the physical and chemical reactions will occur when faced with fire, so as to achieve the fireproof effect.
2, Anti-Static Fabric
There are two ways to obtain the antistatic fabrics. One is embedded the conductive fiber in the fabric and another way is the fabric surface finishing method. The antistatic fabric with embedded conductive fiber has much high and good antistatic properties and the effect is long-lasting, also improve the fabric moisture absorption and antifouling properties etc. The surface finishing method is doing the treatment to the synthetic fabric with antistatic resin, these antistatic agents cover the surface of the fabric and increase the antistatic effect by absorbing moisture.
3, Waterproof and Breathable Fabric
There are 3 ways to develop the waterproof and breathable fabrics. First, woven the fabric with very high density; Second, coating the fabric; Third, micro porous film lamination. The most typical way is the PTFE laminated composite processing. Since the PTFE micro-pore membrane has a contact angle and micro-pore radius, so there is a certain resistance to water pressure and water vapor permeability, The laminated fabric which were made by two-way stretch on the PTFE micro-pore membrane has the functions of waterproof, windproof and moisture permeability, and other functions.
4, Anti-Bacterial Deodorant Fabric
The antibacterial fabric care can be made from blended spinning and afterfinish method. Blend spinning is a method of adding the antibacterial agent into the fibers when during the polymerization, the end of the polymerization or before the spinning spout, or add into the spinning solution directly; After finishing method is to thermo set the antibacterial agent on the fibers, so as to achieve the purpose of anti-bacterial deodorant.
In addition, we can develop new functional textile fabrics by applicating the shrink proof and moth proof treatment during the dying and finishing process, also by using all kinds of functional dyes, like color shift, infrared absorption etc, also can develop by using the new technologies of dyeing and finishing, such as biological enzyme technology, low-temperature plasma technology, micro capsule technology and so on.
Such as do the anti-shrinking process to the wool fabric by using the neutral or alkaline protease during the wet-processing, To achieve the effect of anti-shrinking and moth by proceeding the anti-moth agent, washing, crabbing, fulling and other wool fabric wet treatment process at the same time. The bio-enzyme can remove impurities from the fibers or fabrics, also can remove the fluff or decrease the fiber quantity, so as to improve the look and hand feel of the fabric. Low-temperature plasma technology can improve the shrink-proof performance of wool fabric and enhance the hydrophilic and antistatic property of the polyester, etc; The micro capsule technology is mainly used in printing, anti-wrinkle shrink-proof, anti-static, anti-oil waterproof and fire-retardant and other finishing.